The central Italian writers Fabio Tombari, Paolo Volponi, Carlo Cassola, and Romana Petri have been very much influenced by landscape, traditional ruralism, and the lively social, cultural and political debate on the passing of an era of peasantry to one of industry. This attitude simultaneously ‘produces’ a natural and social landscape in the works analysed here, playing a significant role in defining a collective consciousness: a local identity and a sense of region. Offering a region-based study of literature and cultural history, Ruralism in Central Italian Writers identifies decisive issues pertaining to sociology and cultural geography through the analysis of written representations of central Italy. The book debates the notion that three types of Italian rural fiction prevail: the first reacting to ‘urban’ modernity, the second urging revolution in order to overturn rural conditions, the third addressing ecology and post-developmental transactions between ‘natural’ and ‘artificial’ phenomena. Theoretically informed by cultural geography and ecofeminism, the study employs a methodology based on close textual analysis supported by narratology, literary criticism and social studies to investigate the intersections between ideology and writing on the rural.